The UAE (Arab Emirates) is the first and only Gulf state to have exhibited cases of the monkeypox.
The Czech Republic and Slovenia reported their first cases of the virus on Tuesday, joining 18 other countries to detect the disease outside its usual Africa base. The number of additional cases is expected to rise still further, but experts say the general risk to the public remains low. Outbreaks of Ebola have been found in Europe, Australia and America. Symptoms often include a fever and rash—but infection is usually mild. In the United States, health officials announced that one case had been detected in a traveler who had recently visited West Africa and is now receiving medical treatment. Authorities there say they are “fully prepared” to handle any outbreak; early surveillance protocols for detecting the disease were already in place there before this latest case was reported. The World Health Organization says (WHO) that Ebola can be contained with the right response from health authorities in countries where it is not usually detected.
The World Health Organization is encouraging countries to increase surveillance of monkeypox outbreaks to better understand where transmission levels are and how quickly the virus is spreading. The agency’s director for Global Infectious Hazard Preparedness, Sylvie Briand, said at a conference on Tuesday that the outbreaks may not be normal but remain containable.
The World Health Organization has announced that there are 237 confirmed and suspected cases of monkeypox in Africa, and that health authorities around the world have plans to contain the virus. Germany has ordered up to 40,000 doses of the Imvanex vaccine—which is used to treat smallpox but also effective against monkeypox—to be ready in case the outbreak worsens. Anyone already vaccinated with a smallpox vaccine years ago as part of a global bid to eradicate the disease should have existing immunity, German health officials said. But they added that the older treatment has more side-effects so is not suitable for fighting monkeypox today.
In France, where three cases of monkeypox have so far been detected, officials announced a targeted vaccination campaign of adults who had been recently exposed to the virus. Authorities there are recommending that a vaccine be given within four days of exposure, but up to 14 days afterwards if necessary. In England on Tuesday, officials announced that 14 more cases of the virus had been detected – bringing the total number of cases in the UK to 71. It is usually associated with travel to Central or West Africa, but some of the cases occurring outside these countries have had no travel link.
It does not easily be spread between people, but it can be spread.
Touching the clothing, bedding or towels of someone with the monkeypox rash can lead to infection. Also, touching skin blisters or scabs from a person with the rash can transmit the virus. People infected with monkeypox will most likely spread the virus by coughing or sneezing.
Monkeypox is a viral disease caused by the human monkeypox virus, which originated in animals. It can be spread to humans through direct contact with infected animals or with someone who has had contact with an infected animal. It takes between five and 21 days for the first symptoms of monkeypox to appear. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, backache and swollen lymph nodes. A rash can develop on the face, then spread to other parts of the body; its appearance is similar to that of chicken pox before it forms a scab, which later falls off.